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Influence of Soft Drinks on Dental Enamel: An in Vitro Study
1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Necmettin Erbakan University
2Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Selcuk University, Konya,
3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Izmir Katip Celebi University
4Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Sifa University, Izmir, Turkey
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2013; 1(2): 42-45 DOI: 10.4103/WKMP-0028.117445
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This in vitro study was to evaluate the erosive potential of four soft drinks at different times on bovine teeth by profilometry. Bovine incisors buccal side was sectioned with a diamond saw and a total of 100 enamel blocks were prepared (8 × 4 × 0.5 mm). Five specimens each were exposed to 60 ml of soft drinks (Sprite, Coca Cola, Cappy-orange and Ayran) for 15, 30, 60, 120 and 180 minutes in a continuously vibrating soft drinks bath in a beaker at room temperature. Surface loss of the specimens was determined with a profilometry. The data were analyzed by
two-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD test. Loss of enamel was observed in Coca Cola, Cappy and Sprite groups. Coca Cola was significantly higher erosive potential in 180 minutes than other soft drinks ( p < 0.05). Ayran was no sign of erosive potential in all time. It can be concluded that the composition of the beverages had a significant effect on dental erosion, so consumption of Ayran can be advised.