2Orthodontics, The Oxford Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bommanahalli,
3Department of Prosthodontics, Krishnadevaraya Dental College, Bengaluru
4Department of Oral Pathology, SJM Dental College and Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
Leukemia, although a rare disease, exceeds a cause of death from many of the acute communicable diseases because of its fatal character. It is characterized by widespread, rapid, and disorderly proliferation of leukocytes. In India, leukemia is the most common childhood cancer with a relative proportion varying between 25% and 40% and continues to be the largest contributor to cancer related mortality in children. This paper reviews the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, oral complications, and prognosis of pediatric leukemia.