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Recognition of Emotions through Cartoon Facial Expressions in Preschoolers
1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
2Faculty of Language and Art, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2021; 7(3): 121-127 DOI: 10.14744/JPD.2021.10_78
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Objective: Recognition of children's emotions expressed on their faces and the faces of others is very important in children's social activities, including communicating the child's emotions. This study aims to develop a research instrument that can represent or mediate children in communicating their emotions.
Materials and Methods: This exploratory research begins with item development, expert review, and validation study. Data analysis was carried out through the Pearson validity test, Kuder-Richardson 20 reliability test and test-retest analysis, and MANOVA to see the main and interaction effects of the variables of age and sex of children.
Results: One hundred ninety-seven children aged 3-6 years were involved in a study that tested seven cartoon-like facial expressions. These seven items show valid (rxy=0.28-0.74, p<0.05) and reliable (r11=0.912, p<0.05) items.
Conclusion: This instrument is recommended for researchers to use for assessing children's emotions in a certain setting.